Human Trafficking Part II

In our last segment we explored the act and purpose of human trafficking. It involves the recruitment, transfer/moving/harboring and/or receipt of a person by means of threat, force, deception, abduction or some form of coercion. The purpose is exploitation, prostitution, forced labor or slavery.

Human trafficking is worldwide but in the USA it is in all fifty states and the three major areas of victims are:

  • Minors under the age of 18 involved in commercial sex
  • Those 18 and older involved in commercial sex via coercion
  • Children and adults forced to perform labor/service because of involuntary servitude or slavery.

Who are the traffickers?  Traffickers include international organized criminal syndicates, local criminal networks and individuals. Trafficking exists because there is a demand for it.  It is the second to third largest criminal industry in the world. There is relatively low risk for the traffickers because the general public has low awareness of its existence and impact.

The internet has made it much easier to solicit sex and as a consequence human trafficking of especially “young” persons can be available on the Web.

One area where human trafficking is prevalent is the supply chains for various businesses.  Businesses need to constantly monitor their supply chains and operations, whether in the USA or other countries, to make sure that human rights violations are not happening.  Taking a public stand against human trafficking, training employees to recognize the signs of human trafficking, working with contractors and vendors, forming partnerships with police and anti-trafficking organizations, are some of the ways that companies can act in responsible ways.

Another area where human trafficking is prevalent is the hotel industry. Travel and tourism is big business.  Major sporting events and other large gatherings are prime opportunities since often there is a large demand for commercial sex. Efforts are being made by a number of organizations to help stop the trafficking of humans for commercial sex during the upcoming February 2012 Super Bowl in Indianapolis, Indiana.

The Coalition for Corporate Responsibility for Indiana and Michigan (CCRIM) is working hard to not only raise awareness about human trafficking but also plans to contact the 220 hotels within a 50-mile radius of Indianapolis about what these hotels can do to deter human trafficking.

January 11, 2012 has been designated as Human Trafficking Awareness Day in an effort to raise awareness of this terrible moral and social issue in our society today.  More can be found on the internet about human trafficking.

For further reading go to:

Human Trafficking and Business:  Good Practices to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking,

www.ungift.org

Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, 475 Riverside Drive, Rm. 1842, NY,NY 10028,

www.iccr.org

www.business-humanrights.org/SpecialRepPortal/Home/Protect-Respect-Remedy-Framework/GuidingPrinciples.

www.ecpat.net

www.state.gov/g/tip

www.catwinternational.org

www.unanima-international.org